Category: Germany

Download E-books European Jewry and the First Crusade PDF

By Robert Chazan

One of the unanticipated result of the 1st campaign in 1095 used to be a sequence of violent attacks on significant Jewish groups within the Rhineland. Robert Chazan bargains the 1st specified research of those occasions, illuminating the attitudes that prompted the attacks in addition to the ideals that educated Jewish reactions to them.

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Download E-books Alternatives to Hitler: German Resistance under the Third Reich PDF

By Hans Mommsen

Internal competition to Nazism is usually mythologized as heroic or pushed aside as "too little, too overdue, and for the inaccurate reasons." those seminal writings hint the true and complicated heritage of the German Resistance from the ascent of the Nazi get together to the July 1944 tried assassination of Hitler. expert by means of 4 many years of study and written by means of the most popular historian of the German Resistance, this publication constitutes the definitive paintings on these tens of hundreds of thousands of Germans who fought the 3rd Reich from within.

Hans Mommsen considers the complete spectrum of competition, from small yet still-dangerous acts of political disobedience to large-scale conspiracies to overthrow the govt.. alongside the way in which he tells the significant tales of such Germans as count number Claus von Stauffenberg, who planted a briefcase bomb in the course of a employees assembly at Hitler's East Prussian army headquarters, and the individuals of the Kreisau Circle, who clandestinely met to plot for Germany's postwar destiny as a democratic member of an built-in Europe.

While upholding resistance to Nazism as a price past reproach, Mommsen considers the numerous and infrequently murky causes of these who resisted--motives that ranged from principled dedication to pragmatic self-interest by way of former Nazi sympathizers. He examines resisters' specific and not-always-democratic courses to rebuild a country and reeducate a Nazified society and considers their occasionally ambivalent attitudes towards the unfolding ultimate Solution.

Available in English for the 1st time during this fluid translation, this publication is a sign fulfillment via a huge scholar--and the traditional paintings at the German Resistance to be had in any language.

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Download E-books Frommer's EasyGuide to Germany (Easy Guides) PDF

By Donald Olson, Visit Amazon's Stephen Brewer Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Stephen Brewer,

Quick to learn, mild to hold with professional recommendation in all fee levels, Frommer's EasyGuide to Germany is the total updated reference for tourists who are looking to maximize their remain within the smartest, most productive means. With Frommer's trademark candid and available services, this helpful advisor bargains studies in a big selection of decisions to be had together with accommodation, sightseeing, buying, eating and leisure. It contains insider find out how to take on traveling, in line with time constraints and pursuits, entire with useful recommendation and recommended itineraries. With easy beneficial properties it deals pointers on very good values, targeted moments, touring with youngsters and overvalued reports and comprises thematic excursions for each curiosity, agenda and taste.

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Download E-books Johannes Philoponos: De opificio mundi (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde) (German Edition) PDF

Die vorliegende Arbeit erwuchs aus einem Interesse an der prakti schen Umsetzung antiken Sprachdenkens in die Interpretation eines als normativ verstandenen Textes. Da in den spatplatonischen Refle xionen zum Wesen des Wortes dessen Zeichencharakter hervorgeho ben wurde, galt es, diese Sprachphilosophie, die uns als voll entwik kelte Semiotik vorliegt, zu beschreiben und ihre konkreten Aus wirkungen auf Joharmes Philoponos' Exegese des biblischen Scho pfungsberichtes zu bestimmen. Unsere Wahl fiel auf diesen um die Mittes des 6. 1ahrhunderts verfassten Kommentar, weil dort die Grundlagen des christlichen Welt- und Menschenbildes unter dem Prisma der spatantiken Philosophie und Physik, die der Alexandriner Philoponos in souveraner Weise handhabte, einer kritischen examine unterzogen wurden. Es sollten dabei einmal Erkenntnise zur Bauwei se des Kommentares als jener Literaturgattung gewonnen werden, in der sich der Philosoph der ausgehenden Antike ausserte, zum anderen conflict es reizvoll, Philoponos in die culture der christlichen Hexa emeronexegese und platonischen Kommentatorik einzuordnen. Philo ponos, einer der grossen und originellen Denker des Altertums, steht zum ersten Mal als Literat, nicht als Physiker im Zentrum einer Monographie. Unterstutzt durch ein Stipendium des Fonds zur Forderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (Wien), der auch die Drucklegung finanzierte, konnte ich die wesentlichen Untersuchungen am Institut fur Altertumskunde der Universitat zu Koln betreiben. Herr Prof. C. Zintzen hat mir nicht nur diese Arbeitsmoglichkeit eroffnet, sondern das Projekt in allen Phasen wohlwollend verfolgt und die Publikation in den BzA ermoglicht. Dem Philoponosexperten Prof.

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Download E-books The Discreet Charm of the Police State: The Landpolizei and the Transformation of Bavaria, 1945-1965 (Studies in Central European Histories) PDF

This ebook examines the advanced and paradoxical courting among authoritarian policing and the social and monetary modernization of postwar Germanys biggest and such a lot traditionally genuine nation, as Bavaria joined the remainder of the Federal Republic in a passage from postwar challenge to shopper prosperity.

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Download E-books German Medieval Armies 1000-1300 (Men-at-Arms) PDF

By Christopher Gravett

In medieval Germany violence was once accredited way over in different kingdoms. Kings have been acknowledged as guardians of order, yet this had its boundaries. Lords anticipated to take advantage of strength to safe their rights or win an issue while peaceable tools weren't enough. Christopher Gravett does a great task of studying the employer and campaigns of German medieval armies from 1000-1300, in a quantity containing lots of pictures and illustrations, together with 8 complete web page color plates by means of Graham Turner.

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Download E-books Coming to Terms: Dealing with the Communist Past in United Germany PDF

By Bernd Schaefer

Confronting the GDR's communist previous used to be the topic of a lot public discourse in a Germany reunified by way of the autumn of the Berlin Wall in November 1989. The federal parliament of a reunited Germany observed "a public responsibility to handle, and probably redress, the manifold problems with injustice and repression devoted in the course of GDR times." those are the findings of chilly warfare foreign heritage venture Senior pupil Bernd Schaefer in his lately released a research of the GDR's communist legacy, Coming to phrases: facing the Communist earlier in United Germany. The booklet, commissioned via the Federal starting place for the Reappraisal of the SED-Dictatorship (Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur), examines the associations concerned and efforts to return to phrases with Germany's communist earlier on account that reunification in 1990.

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Download E-books The Turbulent World of Franz Göll: An Ordinary Berliner Writes the Twentieth Century PDF

By Peter Fritzsche

Franz Göll was once a completely general Berliner. He labored as a clerk, occasionally as a postal worker, evening watchman, or publisher's assistant. He loved the flicks, ate spice cake, wore a fedora, tamed sparrows, and drank beer or schnapps. He lived his whole existence in a two-room condo in Rote Insel, Berlin's recognized working-class district. What makes Franz Göll various is that he left in the back of some of the most accomplished diaries to be had from the maelstrom of twentieth-century German existence. Deftly weaving in Göll’s voice from his diary entries, Fritzsche narrates the search of a regular citizen to make feel of a violent and bewildering century.

Peter Fritzsche paints a deeply affecting portrait of a self-educated guy seized by way of an untamable impulse to checklist, who stayed positioned for almost seventy years as heritage thundered round him. decided to compose a “symphony” from the tune of lifestyle, Göll wrote of hungry winters in the course of global battle I, the bombing of Berlin, the rape of his buddies via Russian infantrymen in international warfare II, and the flexing of U.S. superpower in the course of the Reagan years. In his early entries, Göll grappled with the highbrow shockwaves forged by way of Darwin, Freud, and Einstein, and later he struggled to have interaction with the unusual life that marked Germany's transition to a fluid, dynamic, unmistakably smooth society.

With specialist research, Fritzsche indicates how one man's ideas and needs may give poignant form to the collective adventure of twentieth-century lifestyles, registering its manifold shocks and rendering them legible.

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Download E-books Absolute Destruction: Military Culture and the Practices of War in Imperial Germany PDF

By Isabel V. Hull

In a publication that's instantaneously a tremendous contribution to trendy ecu historical past and a cautionary story for this day, Isabel V. Hull argues that the exercises and practices of the Imperial German military, unchecked by way of potent civilian associations, more and more sought absolutely the destruction of its enemies because the simply warrantly of the nation's safeguard. So deeply embedded have been the assumptions and systems of this distinctively German army tradition that the military, in its force to annihilate the enemy army, didn't lessen from the utter destruction of civilian estate and lives. Carried to its severe, the good judgment of "military necessity" came across genuine safeguard simply in extremities of destruction, within the "silence of the graveyard."

Hull starts off with a dramatic account, according to clean archival paintings, of the German Army's slide from administrative homicide to genocide in German Southwest Africa (1904–7). the writer then strikes again to 1870 and the battle that inaugurated the Imperial period in German background, and analyzes the genesis and nature of this particularly German army tradition and its operations in colonial conflict. within the First international warfare the workouts perfected within the colonies have been visited upon eu populations. Hull specializes in one set of instances (Belgium and northern France) within which the transition to overall destruction used to be checked (if slightly) and on one other (Armenia) within which "military necessity" prompted Germany to just accept its ally's genocidal rules even after those grew to become militarily counterproductive. She then turns to the Endkampf (1918), the German basic Staff's plan to accomplish victory within the nice warfare no matter if the place of origin have been destroyed within the process―a possible insane crusade that completes the good judgment of this deeply institutionalized set of army exercises and practices. Hull concludes through speculating at the function of this unique army tradition in nationwide Socialism's army and racial policies.

Absolute Destruction has critical implications for the character of warmaking in any sleek energy. At its center is a caution in regards to the blindness of bureaucratic exercises, particularly while these bureaucracies command the tools of mass death.

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Download E-books Youth and Housing in Germany and the European Union: Data and Trends on Housing: Biographical, Social and Political Aspects PDF

By René Bendit, Wolfgang Gaiser, Jan Marbach (auth.), René Bendit, Wolfgang Gaiser, Jan H. Marbach (eds.)

Dieser Forschungsbericht, der aufgrund seiner internationalen Ausrichtung in englischer Sprache vorliegt, skizziert Bedingungen und Bewertungen des Wohnens junger Menschen in der Europäischen Union und in Deutschland. Biographische, räumliche, ökonomische und politische Aspekte spielen dabei eine Rolle.
Es geht um Gründe für das unterschiedliche Auszugsalter und um gesellschaftliche Faktoren, die gegen eine psychologisch verkürzende Interpretation des "Nesthockerphänomens" sprechen, um Besonderheiten des Wohnens junger Männer und Frauen sowie um Unterschiede hinsichtlich Familienstand, Bildung, Einkommen und Wohnregion. Strukturelle Hemmnisse und Barrieren junger Menschen auf dem Wohnungsmarkt werden dargestellt.

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