Category: Encyclopedia

Download E-books Encyclopaedia Judaica, Volume 10: Inz - Iz PDF

By Fred Skolnik

The hot version of Encyclopaedia Judaica brings a enormous reference paintings into the twenty-first century. In 1928 Nahum Goldman, head of Eshkol Publishing, in Berlin, begun paintings on a complete reference paintings concerning the heritage and tradition of the Jewish humans. That paintings was once by no means accomplished, and the ten entire volumes stay as either a witness to eu Jewish scholarship and a reminder of Hitler's destruction of that culture. Goldman survived the Holocaust, and in 1966, he used his reparation cash to restore paintings at the encyclopedia at Keter Publishing residence, in Jerusalem. In 1972, greater than forty five years after the paintings begun, the 1st version was once accomplished. Keter Publishing condominium and Macmillan Reference united states, its American accomplice, published Hebrew and English-language models of the paintings. just like the unique paintings, it used to be a radical, equipped evaluate of Jewish existence and data. Updating a wide source is tough. The publishers issued yearbooks and vitamins cumulating the 1973–1982 and 1983–1992 volumes in addition to an up to date CD-ROM model in 1997, however the Jewish international has replaced greatly when you consider that then. the second one version is usually a collaboration of Keter Publishing condominium and Macmillan Reference, that is now a Thomson Gale imprint. Editors Berenbaum and Skolnik accumulated a world staff of greater than 50 divisional editors and 1,200 students to provide the paintings. they've got created 22 volumes with nearly 22,000 entries. a few 2,600 entries are new, and 12,000 were considerably revised. As they did in Encyclopedia of faith (2004), the publishers left the unique articles intact and additional up to date fabric in an appended article that follows. This variation has a hundred and fifty pages of colour inserts showing as centerfolds in every one quantity in addition to six hundred maps, tables, and illustrations. There also are 30,000 new biographical entries. Why is that this variation diversified? development at the scholarship of the 1st version, the editors have additional fabric that records state-of-the-art Jewish groups. because the book of the 1st variation, Israel has been via wars and intifadas, the position of ladies in Jewish existence has significantly extended, and the Soviet Union has disappeared. the main speedily starting to be Jewish groups within the U.S. are in Las Vegas and Phoenix, however the real variety of Jews within the state is declining because of low delivery charges. an entire new new release of scholarship has emerged, with new information regarding every thing from the Bible and the Talmud to women's experiences and the Holocaust. The individuals to this version used the cloth of the good students equivalent to Salo Baron, Cecil Roth, and Gershom Scholem as a origin for his or her new insights, giving clients better intensity and a contemporary viewpoint. quantity 1 has an inventory of the editors and participants. They contain Yehuda Bauer (Hebrew University), David Ellenson (Hebrew Union College), Deborah E. Lipstadt (University of California, Los Angeles), and Xun Zhou (University of London). The encyclopedia positive aspects entries corresponding to an editorial on Jewish legislation (Mishpat Ivri) written via Justice Menachem Elon, deputy president of the ideally suited court docket of Israel. He examines historical non secular legislations as mirrored within the courts of a latest, sovereign Jewish country. Entries in regards to the Bible contain either the good medieval commentators resembling Rashi and Maimonides and smooth severe literary reports of the Bible as an built-in paintings. individuals research the resources of the Bible, its composition, and its authors. The Talmud gets comparable therapy, with greater than a hundred biographies of the higher and lesser rabbinic figures and extra obtainable fabric, reflecting the elevated participation of the general public in Talmudic research. The women's viewpoint looks in the course of the encyclopedia, with articles approximately biblical stereotypes, their perspectives in regards to the mikveh (ritual bath), and biographies of ladies either historic and glossy (Beruryah, a second-century Talmud student; Bella Abzug). Agunah (Orthodox ladies who can't remarry simply because their husbands refuse to furnish them spiritual divorces) and assurance of the bat mitzvah and the ladies of the Wall case are different examples of the elevated emphasis on women's concerns during this version. large articles record the contributions of Jews to the humanities, sciences, activities, politics, and leisure. Albert Einstein, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Amos oz., and Philip Roth seem besides Victor Borge, Jascha Heifetz, and Sandy Koufax. all of the 50 states and the nations of the area, in addition to significant towns, have entries, as do museums, cultural associations, and enterprises. The Holocaust and Israel occupy the key a part of volumes nine and 10, respectively, reflecting their very important roles in Jewish heritage and tradition. a number of thematic outlines (for articles on historical past, faith, language and literature, Jews in global tradition, and girls) and an in depth index aid clients pinpoint particular info. The book model makes use of the traditional Gale interface and is offered as a part of the Gale digital Reference middle. One great characteristic for clients who print or obtain is the choice of having the textual content in PDF structure if wanted. the second one variation of Encyclopaedia Judaica is a welcome boost to reference collections. via documenting the fashionable Jewish event whereas maintaining hyperlinks with its wealthy prior, it presents clients with information regarding all facets of Jewish faith and tradition. This paintings bought the 2006 Dartmouth Medal, a richly deserved award.

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Download E-books Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee: Iroquois Confederacy PDF

By Bruce Elliott Johansen

A finished reference paintings at the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy), containing over 2 hundred entries masking Haudenosaunee historical past, present-day matters, and contributions to basic North American tradition. Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) is the identify the Iroquois use for his or her confederacy (Iroquois is the identify given them via the French). This encyclopedia surveys the histories of the six constituent countries of the confederacy (Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora, followed approximately 1725). numerous entries additionally hint ways that the practices of the Iroquois have filtered into normal North American society.

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Download E-books Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle (Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook) PDF

The Institute Vienna Circle held a convention in Vienna in 2003, Cambridge and Vienna – Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle, to commemorate the philosophical and clinical paintings of Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1903–1930). This Ramsey convention supplied not just historic and biographical views on some of the most proficient thinkers of the 20th Century, but additionally new impulses for additional study on no less than many of the issues pioneered via Ramsey, whose curiosity and power are more than ever.

Ramsey did pioneering paintings in different fields, practitioners of which not often understand of his very important paintings in different fields: philosophy of good judgment and conception of language, foundations of arithmetic, arithmetic, likelihood thought, method of technological know-how, philosophy of psychology, and economics. there has been a spotlight at the one subject which was once of most powerful mutual difficulty to Ramsey and the Vienna Circle, specifically the query of foundations of arithmetic, specifically the prestige of logicism.

Although the most important medical connection linking Ramsey with Austria is his paintings on good judgment, to which the Vienna Circle committed a number of conferences, definitely the relationship that is of better basic curiosity issues Ramsey's visits and discussions with Wittgenstein. Ramsey used to be the one very important philosopher to truly stopover at Wittgenstein in the course of his school-teaching occupation in Puchberg and Ottertal within the Nineteen Twenties, in reduce Austria; and later, Ramsey used to be instrumental in getting Wittgenstein positions at Cambridge.

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Download E-books Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends, Volume 3: Structure PDF

A whole and well timed review of the subject, this Encyclopedia imparts wisdom of basic ideas and their functions for academicians, scientists and researchers, whereas informing engineers, industrialists and marketers of the present kingdom of the know-how and its utilization.

  • The such a lot entire resource on polymer blends on hand at the market
  • Offers an entire and well timed evaluation of the topic
  • Each article provides brand new examine & improvement on a subject matter and its uncomplicated ideas and functions, integrates case experiences, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, and offers due connection with released and patented literature
  • Equips lecturers, scientists and researchers with wisdom of basics ideas and their purposes, and informs the engineers, industrialists and marketers concerning the state-of-the-art know-how and its applications

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Download E-books The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences PDF

By N. J.A. Sloane

This encyclopedia includes greater than 5000 integer sequences, over 1/2 that have by no means sooner than been catalogued. as the sequences are offered within the so much ordinary shape, and organized for simple reference, this ebook is simpler to take advantage of than the authors previous vintage A instruction manual of Integer Sequences< $>. The Encyclopedia< $> provides the identify, mathematical description, and citations to literature for every series. Following sequences of specific curiosity, thereare essays on their origins, makes use of, and connections to similar sequences (all cross-referenced). A worthy new characteristic to this article is the inclusion of a few fascinating diagrams and illustrations concerning chosen sequences.

The preliminary chapters are either fun and enlightening. They function a pleasant creation to the topic and a quick path on the right way to determine and paintings with integer sequences. This encyclopedia brings Sloanes ground-breaking Handbook< $> brand new, greater than doubling its dimension, and linking either the previous and the recent fabric to an intensive bibliography (over 25 pages long), of present and vintage references. An index to all of the sequences within the publication is additionally to be had individually on disk in Macintosh and IBM codecs.

Key Features
* comprises greater than 5000 integer sequences
* offers the identify and mathematical description of every sequence
* offers citations to literature for every sequence
* broadly cross-referenced
* Lists a bibliography of greater than 25 pages

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Download E-books The Holocaust Encyclopedia PDF

By Walter Laqueur

The Holocaust has been the topic of numerous books, artworks, and memorials. Fiftyfive years after the actual fact the area nonetheless ponders the enormity of this catastrophe. The Holocaust Encylopedia is the one entire single-volume paintings of reference supplying either a reflective evaluation of the topic and plentiful element touching on significant occasions, coverage, judgements, towns, and participants, up to date and designed for simple entry, the encyclopedia provides info at the significant elements of the Holocaust in essays by way of students from 11 nations who draw on a few resources - together with lately exposed proof from the previous Soviet bloc - to supply in-depth reviews at the political, social, spiritual, and ethical problems with the Holocaust in addition to brief entries deciding upon occasions, websites, and participants. The ebook additionally has greater than 250 photos, lots of them infrequent, and 19 maps. the quantity contains: Raul Hilberg on focus camps and Gypsies; Ruth Bondy, Israel Gutman, and Dina Porat on significant ghettoes; Roger Greenspun at the Holocaust in cinema and tv; Richard Breitman on American coverage; Michael Berenbaum on theological and philosophical responses; Saul Fri

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Download E-books Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World's Cultures Volume I: Topics and Cultures A-K Volume II: Cultures L-Z PDF

By Edwin S. Segal (auth.), Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember (eds.)

The crucial goal of this encyclopedia is to provide the reader a comparative point of view on concerns related to conceptions of gender, gender variations, gender roles, relationships among the genders, and sexuality. The encyclopedia is split into volumes: Topics and Cultures.

The mixture of topical overviews and ranging cultural pix is what makes this encyclopedia a different reference paintings for college kids, researchers and lecturers drawn to gender reviews and cross-cultural edition in intercourse and gender. It merits a spot within the library of each collage and each social technology and healthiness division.

Contents:- thesaurus. Cultural Conceptions of Gender. Gender Roles, prestige, and associations. Sexuality and Male-Female interplay. intercourse and Gender within the World's Cultures. tradition identify Index. topic Index.

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Download E-books The Encyclopedia of Ghosts and Spirits PDF

By Rosemary Ellen Guiley

Includes greater than six hundred entries approximately ghosts, hauntings, comparable paranormal phenomenon, the folks who examine them, and the most important theories approximately what motives them. This encyclopedia compiles learn at the on hand theories approximately what explanations ghosts. it's also black-and-white photos, and a bibliographical directory for additional examining.

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